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Improving KS1 Reading Comprehension with Graphic Organisers

In today's digital age, where visual content is prevalent, graphic organisers have emerged as powerful tools for enhancing KS1 pupils' understanding of texts. In this article, we will explore the benefits of using graphic organisers, provide practical tips on their implementation in the classroom, showcase different types of graphic organisers, and encourage educators to incorporate them into their teaching of reading comprehension. 

Benefits of Using Graphic Organisers 

character wheelGraphic organisers offer a range of benefits when it comes to improving reading comprehension. Firstly, they provide a visual representation of information, helping pupils organise and process ideas more effectively. By visually mapping out concepts, pupils can better understand the relationships between different elements of a text. 

Moreover, graphic organisers encourage critical thinking skills by prompting pupils to analyse, evaluate, and interpret texts. They can assist pupils in identifying main ideas, supporting details, cause-and-effect relationships, and other key elements of a text. By using graphic organisers, pupils develop a deeper understanding of the content and can engage in more meaningful discussions and written responses. 

How to Use Graphic Organisers in the Classroom 

Implementing graphic organisers in the classroom is a straightforward process. To start, teachers can introduce the concept of graphic organisers to pupils and explain their purpose. It is essential to model how to use different types of graphic organisers and guide pupils through the process until they become comfortable using them independently. 

During reading activities, teachers can provide pupils with graphic organisers that align with the specific learning objectives. For example, a story map graphic organiser can help students track the plot, characters, and setting of a narrative. A Venn diagram can assist pupils in comparing and contrasting different characters or texts. By incorporating graphic organisers into teaching, teachers can create a more interactive and engaging learning environment. 

Examples of Graphic Organisers 

There are various types of graphic organisers that cater to different purposes and learning styles. Some commonly used graphic organisers include: 

  • Story Maps
  • Character Webs
  • Cause-and-effect Diagrams
  • Flowcharts
  • Timeline Organisers
  • Concept Maps
  • Compare and Contrast Charts 

Each graphic organiser can be adapted and personalised to suit the specific needs of individual students. Educators can find a wealth of free graphic organiser templates and examples online to utilise in their teaching. 


In conclusion, graphic organisers are powerful tools for improving KS1 reading comprehension. By using graphic organisers, pupils can develop a deeper understanding of texts, make connections between concepts, and enhance critical thinking skills. Teachers can incorporate graphic organisers into their teaching to help pupils better comprehend and analyse texts across various subjects and topics. With practice and support, pupils can become proficient in using graphic organisers to unlock the full potential of their reading abilities. 

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