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10 Ways to Support Your Child's Early Literacy Development

Early literacy is crucial for a child's development, laying the foundation for future academic success. As Emilie Buchwald once said, 'Children are made readers on the laps of their parents.' Reading with your child from an early age not only enhances their language and cognitive skills but also fosters a love for books and learning.

In the words of Walt Disney, 'There is more treasure in books than in all the pirate's loot on Treasure Island.' 

1. Read to your child every day 

parent or teacher reading with childOne of the most effective ways to support your child's early literacy is by reading to them everyday. Reading aloud exposes them to a rich vocabulary, different sentence structures, and various writing styles. It helps develop their listening skills and expands their imagination. To make the most of this activity, choose books that are appropriate for their age and interests. Use expressive voices, gestures, and pauses to bring the story to life. Encourage your child to ask questions, make predictions, and engage in discussions about the book. 

2. Create a print-rich environment at home

open bookSurrounding your child with written materials is another powerful way to support their early literacy. Fill your home with books, magazines, newspapers, and other reading materials. Create a cosy reading nook with a comfortable chair and a bookshelf filled with their favourite stories. Display their artwork and writing on the walls to celebrate their achievements and encourage their creativity. By making reading and writing a visible and accessible part of their everyday environment, you are instilling a love for literacy.

3. Engage in meaningful conversations with your child 

Conversations play a vital role in language development and early literacy. Take the time to have meaningful conversations with your child, allowing them to express their thoughts, feelings, and ideas. Ask open-ended questions that require more than a simple 'yes' or 'no' answer. Listen attentively, respond with interest, and expand on their responses. This back-and-forth conversation builds vocabulary, improves communication skills, and lays the foundation for strong reading and writing abilities. 

4. Encourage your child to retell stories in their own words 

child sat on floor, reading tracing his finger across the pagesRetelling stories is a valuable activity that enhances a child's comprehension and language development. After reading a book together, encourage your child to retell the story using their own words. This not only reinforces their understanding of the plot but also strengthens their ability to organize their thoughts and express themselves. To make it more engaging, encourage them to use props, draw illustrations, or even act out parts of the story. This activity nurtures their storytelling skills and boosts their confidence as emerging readers and writers. 

5. Play word games and rhyming activities

Word games and rhyming activities are not only fun but also essential for language development and phonological awareness. Engage your child in playful activities such as 'I Spy,' where they have to find objects that start with a particular sound. Play rhyming games by reciting nursery rhymes or creating silly rhymes together. These activities help children recognise and manipulate sounds, which are crucial skills for reading and writing.

6. Provide access to a variety of books and reading materials

collection of children booksExpose your child to a wide range of reading materials to stimulate their interest and broaden their horizons. Offer them a variety of books, including fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and picture books. Visit the local library or bookstore together and let them choose books that capture their imagination. Encourage them to explore different genres and topics, nurturing their curiosity and expanding their knowledge.

7. Model good reading habits

Children learn by observing, so be a reading role model for your child. Let them see you enjoying books and reading for pleasure. Set aside dedicated time for reading, whether it's a few minutes before bedtime or during a quiet afternoon. Discuss the books you're reading and share interesting facts or passages with them. By demonstrating a love for reading, you are showing them that it is a valuable and enjoyable activity. 

8. Celebrate your child's achievements in reading and writing

Emma with awards (1)Recognising and praising your child's progress in reading and writing is essential for building their confidence and motivation. Celebrate their achievements, no matter how small, and make them feel proud of their efforts. Display their writing on a bulletin board or create a special folder to keep their stories and poems. Share their work with family and friends, giving them a sense of accomplishment and pride. By creating a positive and supportive environment, you are encouraging their passion for literacy. 

9. Support and guide your child during writing activities 

Writing can sometimes be challenging for young children, but your support and guidance can make a significant difference. Encourage your child to write and provide them with the necessary materials, such as pencils, paper, and colourful markers. Offer prompts or writing ideas to spark their creativity. Sit with them as they write, providing assistance when needed, and offering praise for their efforts. By being actively involved in their writing journey, you are helping them develop their skills and confidence. 

10. Make reading and writing a fun and enjoyable experience 

Above all, make reading and writing a fun and enjoyable experience for your child. Create a cosy reading corner with bean bags and blankets. Plan book-related activities, such as creating crafts inspired by their favourite stories or cooking a recipe mentioned in a book. Organise family readingchild sat on a bench, with an open book on his lap, laughing nights where everyone gathers to read their chosen books. By making literacy a source of joy and pleasure, you are fostering a lifelong love for reading and writing. 


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